Without farmers, the world cannot exist yet often farmers lack the necessary information to fully utilize the resources they have. Climate change and agriculture have a three-fold relationship; i,e., agriculture is one of the causes of climate change, agriculture is impacted by climate change and agriculture is also a solution to climate change. Research has shown that the point of equilibrium is either mitigation or adaptation. Recently, farmers have been faced with the challenge of when to till the soil, what to plant, how to plant and what variety is suitable due to climate change.
Hope for The Village Child Foundation enlightened the farmers from twenty-six villages with the information from NiMET (Nigeria Meteorological Agency) on climate change and food security. As well, HVCF sensitized farmers on the need to practice climate smart agriculture, equipping farmers with knowledge to adequately prepare for the forthcoming farming season.
To assist the farmers, they were asked to share their experiences of the previous farming season. They spoke of excessive rainfall which affected the growth of plants, run-off and waste of fertilizer, army worm infestation, poor crop germination, termites, striga attack, flooding and harvest losses especially for soya beans. They were informed of control measures such as specific cultural methodologies, chemicals to control termites and other soil insects, and leaving the farm fallow.
The NIMET report enlightened the farmers about rainfall predictions for the year, i.e., the onset and end dates of rainfall along with day and nighttime temperature which affects crops as well as human and livestock health. This knowledge also helps the farmers with disaster risk possibility and management.
Farmers were encouraged to become familiar with climate change and all that it entails and to desist from practices which further promote climate change, e.g, deforestation and bush bur ning year after year. They were encouraged to advocate laws within their communities to promote sustainable practices to mitigate climate change.